Mackay, January 1st- June 24th, 1880

 

首頁Home

馬偕之周邊總檔

有關馬偕牧師

馬偕的傳記書

馬偕墓調查及修護計劃

馬偕書信


馬偕日記

Diary 1871.11.01

Diary 1872.03.09-10

Diary 1872.04.19-24

Diary 1872.04.25-05.31

Diary 1872.06.01-30

Diary,1872.10.08-26

 Diary 1873.02.09

 Diary 1873.02.10-16

Diary,1875.04.26-30

Diary 1878.08.20-09.30

Diary,1878.10.01-12.31

Diary,1879.08.30-09.07

Diary,1879.09.28-10.16

Diary,1879.10.17-11.16

Diary,1879.11.17-12.31

Diary,1884.01.01-02.15

Diary,1884.02.15-26

Diary,1880.01.01-06.24

Diary,1880.06.25-10.31

Diary, 1884.07.02-09

Diary,1885.01.01-02.28

Diary,1885.05.31-06.04

Diary,1886.03.13-19

Diary,1887.03.01-14

Diary,1888.01.01-07

Diary,1888.01.08-16

Diary.1888.01.17-31

Diary,1888.02.01-03.15

Diary,1889.12.10-31

Diary,1895.11.19-12.6

Diary,1895.12.14-31

Diary,1895.12.07-13

Diary,1896.11.01-16

Diary,1897.01.01-03.31

Diary,1897.04.01-30

Diary,1897.05.01-06.30

Diary,1897.07.01-09.30

Diary,1898.10.01-31

Diary,1900.01.01-05.18

Diary, 1900.05.19-28

Diary ,1900.05.29-12.31

Diary,1901.1.1-2.12


 

 

1880年1月1日船離開台灣,途經廈門、香港、新加坡、錫蘭、印度、埃及、雅法 (訪聖地)、義大利、法國、德國、英國等地,而於 6月24日 安返加拿大。

January

1880.01.01 Thurs.

arrived at Amoy(廈門) at 10 a.m. Mr. Thompson came on board, we went on Shore in eve. to tea at McGregor’s

1880.01.02 Fri.

at noon myself & Thompson started for Tsoan-chiu(泉州) by boat and put in to O-tham remained overnight.

1880.01.03 Sat.

I ran for Tang-chioh (東石)then walked for Au-hai (安海) then proceeded to Tsoan-chiu(泉州), arrived at dark at chapel - service at night.

1880.01.04 Sun.

I preached in morning, forenoon & afternoon also in the city in eve. went around & saw a Mohomedan Mosque 70 ft. square. all stone said 70 or 80 converts formerly several hundreds built during Ming dynasty.

1880.01.05 Mon.

at Midnight started back & walked got in to boat at 9 & back to Amoy(廈門) 3 P.M. Prayer meeting in English Chapel.

1880.01.06 Tues.

wwent to Roman Catholic Church. Priest & 2 nuns, nuns no Chinese, priest little. 40 children, poor no parents. large Image of Mary & Christ in her arms, large as life in front. on one side Joseph & Christ & the other st. Vincent a Spaniard. Behind a large picture of Xt. crucified many little ones – Said. 100 converts all liars. In afternoon Chinese prayer meeting in Amoy.

Went on board S.S." Kwang-tung" towards eve. and in the morning arrived at Swatow(汕頭)2 , called on Dr. Gauld, dined at Duffus, Saw MacIver, Gibson, Dr. Lyell, and church to Burn's memory. made of concrete, door in Middle, window on each side -- saw, boys & girls school, and college

called on Baptists saw- Miss Ricketts -- sailed in eve.

1880.01.08 Thurs.

towards middle of afternoon arrived at Hong-Kong(香港) --

1880.01.09 Fri

Hong-Kong.

1880.01.10 Sat.

Hong Kong, went around the gardens --

1880.01.11 Sun

In forenoon went to Union Church -- and in eve. went to the Cathedral, heard a Bishop preach, a Splendid sermon.

1880.01.12 Mon..

went over to the dock yard and saw repairing the Gaelic.

1880.01.13 Tues.

at the French Hotel, went to the Museum with Mrs. M. also the gardens and Saw the Soldiers drill --

1880.01.14 Wed.

Left tLeft the Hotel in Hong-Kong (香港)and went on board the " Kai-sar. I. Hind". a Peninsular & Oriental steam ship 412 feet long. From Zanzibar 30 or 40 negroes. 40 or 50 Europeans & 100 Lascars from Bombay. Negroes called "Seedy boys".

1880.01.15 Thurs

In Morning set sail, fine weather.

1880.01.16 Fri. Fine

1880.01.17 Sat. ,,

1880.01.18 Sun. ,,

1880.01.19 Mon.

arrived at Singapore(新加坡) at 4 P.M. went up to the town with Gibson & Mrs. M. in a carriage drove around the town and saw the whole place.

1880.01.20 Tues.

In the morning myself & Gibson walked up, admired the Scenery. Saw the sensitive plant & ferns etc.

In the town went into a temple & had a wall around & images of Sheep or goats on the top of the wall. Living goats inside. I had to take off my Shoes to go in under a porch to see the principal idol. Not allowed into the room where the idol was, there I stood, until a native went in to the idol and brought out a plate with ashes and fresh flowers on and wished me to take Some and sprinkle. I refused, then I saw two large cars and idols on them also old idols broken under a roof and two or 3 eaten by white ants - also a number of idols in rooms along the side, not allowed to touch or go near any of them.

Then I saw in there a Native School, a dozen boys sitting on the ground and sand sprinkled in front, books of reeds used. boys wrote with the finger on the ground, learning in the way how to write. The Teacher was lying on a board near them. I never saw boys more happy I bought a book of reeds from them.

1880.01.21 Wed.

Left Singapore in the morning a glorious day all along & so in eve. moonlight.

1880.01.22 Thurs

at midday arrived at Penang (檳城)and went ashore and saw forests of cocoa-nut trees & people cutting rice - and foreign houses 2 stories high covered with thatch.

In Penang drove around in a buggy for $I. and Saw all sorts of things Never felt the Sun more in my life, burning hot. Set sail again at 8 P.M.

1880.01.23 Fri. .

Quite a squall through the night Now again a fine morning -- Down with fever took Quinine in large doses.

1880.01.24 Sat.

Fine sailing day, still have fever--

1880.01.25 Sun

Rather a heavy swell. Better today.

1880.01.26 Mon.

At 4 P.M. Came to the Point de Galle and put up in the "Eglinton Hotel" weather beautiful--

1880.01.27 Tues.

Drove out to what is called 'Cinnamon grove' saw Cinna, Coconut trees all along -- saw Nutmeg trees, Mango etc. went into a school 27 boys reading Sinhalese & 3 learning English. Teacher is a native -- Came back and went into a Buddhist temple, saw a large idol of Buddha. also representa. of Hell etc. idol of Vishnu & siva --

Then visited Roman Catholic church, finest building in Galle -- a native women squatted on the floor with beads & looking towards a large life size representation of Mary.

She looked sad & kept straining her eyes towards the Image. Many pictures of Xt & a crown made of thorns in the church --

Building magnificent paved with colored stones.

1880.01.28 Wed.

Drove in morning to Richmond Hill to see Rev. Mr Mitchell, but he not at home - then myself and Mrs. M. drove out to ‘Mackwella' Bungalow lovely drive. Called on Rev. Mr. Leeb. Wesleyan Minister, only wife at home. Then went to school saw Rev. Mr. Hill.

School for all. very few Xhr’s. nearly all prepare for Calcutta College, studing in English & Sinhalese same as in England. Buddhism strong there, large ch. only few hearers -- Natives go preach. Buddhist Priests then follow & Preach-- pray for them--

1880.01.29 Thurs. sick.

1880.01.30 Fri. “ fever

1880.01.31 Sat.

Went out to Mr. Mitchells saw a " Dagoba" like dome. No idol present. fragrant flowers.

February

1880.02.01 Sun

at 9. A.M. went to the Dutch Presby ch. Heard Rev. H.L. Mitchell -- at 11. I preached in the Methodist ch. on Heb. 12.1. and at 4.30 P.M. I spoke about Formosa, good attendance, quite feverish --

1880.02.02 Mon.

Until eve. at Galle, then at 9 P.M. Mr. Mitchells carriage came out for us, so we were at his place all night.

1880.02.03 Tues.

Started in the morning at 5 A.M. in the carriage. Mr. & Mrs. Mitchell along. came in time to the boat could see " Hay-cock & " Adams peak." boat two hollow logs hollowed out & lashed together, at 11 A.M. arrived at " Baddagama" saw a ch. built in 1822. whi. was dedicated by Bishop Heber--

about 80 attend now, but Schools & preaching places all around, I saw a native preacher -- 42 girls at School - some Xn. Some heathen sung very well -- Called on Mr. Bowman who had a large Sugar mill etc. refinery. cylinder turning quickly around. beautiful large sugar-cane – came down river at night. Saw sugar made from “Juggery Palm” like maple sugar — arrived at Mr. M. at night 10 P.M.

1880.02.04 Wed.

at Mr. Mitchells all day till eve. then drove me out to 'Galle'

1880.02.05 Thurs.

at Galle, very hot.

1880.02.06 Fri.

went on board the " Miryapore" the forenoon --

1880.02.07 Sat.

at sea fine weather--

1880.02.08 Sun

Most beautiful weather.

1880.02.09 Mon.

Early in the morning arrived at Madras, met Mr. Dowsley who came to meet us -- In the eve. went to a conference of missionaries and Spoke about Formosa. Crows

1880.02.10 Tues

went around to see many places in Madras, saw the free ch. col small classes below and native teachers, then higher & higher until come above where real college is English prof. In all + day 842 when all present - about a 1000+.

1880.02.11 Wed..

Had fever. In eve. At Mr. Joss, whose wife is bro. of Ross who died --

1880.02.12 Thurs

Wrote to bro. Alex & Junor & Campbell — Hot, sat on Elephant saw Lion, Tigers & Crocodile.

1880.02.13 Fri.

In eve. Went to See where burning dead, Saw several burning -- --

1880.02.14 Sat.

went in the morning to see the gov. Museum. saw cinchona Pearl oysters, Elephant skeleton 50 ft.long silk worm cocoon etc. Saw coins and fabrics of India and swords given to Elephants when fighting, Zulu. assegai – Egyptian mummy.

1880.02.15 Sun

Went in the morning with Dowsley to his Sab. School. then to the Kirk Lauril preaching and in eve to the Kirk --

1880.02.16 Mon.

went to see Dr. Elder's work, his ch. and class of Students on Chemistry.

1880.02.17 Tues.

wrote letter to Prof. MacLaren. very hot.

1880.02.18 Wed.

went to see the fort, saw a monument to Swartz etc.

1880.02.19 Thurs

Reading etc. went by train to Vellore arrived at noon. Rev. Mr. Legate met me. called on the way to his house at his school, then called on Scudder saw his school or college of boys and addressed them, then went round the fort with Legate, and spent the eve. with him ---

1880.02.20 Fri.

Early in the morning took the train for Madras(馬德拉斯) arrived at noon, and in the eve. addressed people in " Evangelistic hall” on Formosa ----

1880.02.21 Sat.

Went out to the Mount to see where Thomas was put to death; saw a Roman Catholic ch. on the hill. I asked how know that he killed & mark of foot in Stone, guide said "handed down from perdition". I thought true, he meant tradition -- They show mark of foot on rock, and mark of fingers etc. I saw a carriage for carrying the virgin in ---

We went to the big Mount & saw picture painted by Luke & Thomas brought it, also a cross carved by Thomas --

1880.02.22 Sun

Forenoon I preached in the Free church -- and in the eve. went to the Methodist ch.--

1880.02.23 Mon.

wrote to MacLaren. very hot all forenoon. I called on Oriental Bank and at P. & O. Office at 8 went on board the " Khedive" and Soon after She set sail ---

1880.02.24 Tues.

very hot all day. I felt miserable in the morning & vomited & Got somewhat better through the day ---

1880.02.25 Wed..

Burning hot in the morning. no breeze. Sun blazing, like a furnace hot. Bay of Bengal smooth as glass most lovely weather the whole day never saw anything to surpass it. moonlight clear--

1880.02.26 Thurs

about 4 P.M. arrived at Calcutta(加爾各答) and went to a Hotel near the American consulGeneral -- rain. thunder & lightning crows

1880.02.27 Fri,

went to see Fort William -- etc. beautiful day.

1880.02.28 Sat.

Came to Rev. Mr. Edwards and went through the Free Ch. college with McDonald. – weather charming.

1880.02.29 Sun

Forenoon went to the Kirk heard a Mr. Sutherland. In eve. I preached in the Free ch.--

March

1880.03.01 Mon.

Went to Several places throughout the city. lovely day-- Called to See Kasub-chender-San. quite man etc.— looked very able call then on a Mr. Macdonald ----

1880.03.02 Tues.

Wrote to Prof. MacLaren- In the eve. took the train for Benares went all night and next day.

1880.03.03 Wed.

at 5 P.M. arrived at Benares went to "Dunlop's Hotel" Saw the great Durga temple, & great tank, & Monkeys crossed the Ganges on a bridge of boats. The appearance of the city is magnificent & grand --

1880.03.04 Thurs.

In the morn. again took train and at night arrived at Allahabad took dinner and proceeded again by train went all night.

1880.03.05 Fri.

at 6 P.M. arrived at “Khundwa” and remained there till midnight. Then took Holkars train and out.

1880.03.06 Sat.

8 A. M. arrived at Mhow. Campbell away.

1880.03.07 Sun

afternoon I addressed a Number of Natives in the School and in the eve. in the Methodist church -- Soldiers of the 17 Lancers present. Men who were in the Zulu war.

1880.03.08 Mon.

In the morning came on to Indore warm welcome from Wilkie, saw Douglass.

1880.03.09 Tues.

Mr. Douglass invited us

1880.03.10 Wed.

Went with Wilkie to see the "Mala" hundreds present men on Camels, Elephants horses oxen etc.

1880.03.11 Thurs.

Went with Mr. Wilkie to the city of Indore & saw the Palace and in the eve. I preached quite a number present.

1880.03.12 Fri. Still at Indore

1880.03.13 Sat.

Went out around and in the eve. at Mr. Wilkie's house, quite a number present. I spoke on Formosa --

1880.03.14 Sun

went with Wilkie in the morning to Sunday school and in the eve. Douglass preached & I spoke ----

1880.03.15 Mon

Early in morning went out on horse back with Wilkie & Douglass --

1880.03.16 Tues. at Wilkie's ----

1880.03.17 Wed. at Wilkies.

1880.03.18 Thurs at Wilkies

In the morning went with Campbell & wife to Mhow. in eve. spoke in the Parsee's School on Formosa.

1880.03.19 Fri.

called with Campbell at a Hospital & boy & girls School in eve. came back to Indore.

1880.03.20 Sat.

all day looking over Douglas account books.

1880.03.21 Sun.

In eve. I preached on Ps. 19:10 a number of Soldiers present.

1880.03.22 Mon.

all day looking over accounts in eve. had a drive

1880.03.23 Tues.

Left Indore by train

1880.03.24 Wed.

at 10 A.M. in Bombay(孟買) at Mr. McKichen's.

1880.03.25 Thurs

In Bombay, spoke to the students.

1880.03.26 Fri.

In the morning went into the market ---

1880.03.27 Sat.

Conversa- in the col. I spoke to them about Education in Formosa Narayan Shesha -

1880.03.28 Sun.

went to several places of worship ---

1880.03.29 Mon.

at Mr. McKichen's

1880.03.30 Tues

1880.03.31 Tues.

Left Woodstock for Brigden through St. Thomas. Arrived at 9. P. M.

April

1880.04.01 Thurs.

Left Bombay (孟買) at 10 a.m. and boarded the "Singapore" and went very well all day --

1880.04.02 Fri.

Beautiful day, steamer sailed famously --

1880.04.03 Sat.

Lovely day.

1880.04.04 Sun

attended service forenoon. fine day --

1880.04.05 Mon.

Lovely all day.

1880.04.06 Tues

very pleasant, at 11 A.M. I spoke on deck about Formosa, Passengers came to hear --

1880.04.07 Wed.

Most lovely day and the sea like molten lead. Never saw anything like it, at 9 P.M. arrived at Aden(亞丁) --

1880.04.08 Thurs

Early in the morning saw Aden which looked fine at sunrise. The place looked very barren though. Set sail again at 9 A.M. and towards eve. passed through the straits saw Perim Island on the left.

1880.04.09 Fri.

Fairly in the Red sea(紅海). from noon to noon 241 miles

1880.04.10 Sat.

From noon to noon 241 miles.

1880.04.11 Sun

Services the forenoon - From midday to midday 242 miles. Most charming weather day after day --

1880.04.12 Mon

Beautiful sailing all day--

1880.04.13 Tues

at 2 P.M. came into Suez(蘇彝士運河) and went ashore & stayed at the Suez Hotel

1880.04.14 Wed.

Took train and after passing through a desert came to Cairo (開羅)from Ismail(i)a, most lovely country, at 6 P.M. in Hotel Du Nile ---

1880.04.15 Thurs.

went in a carriage to see the Pyramids(金字塔) went up Cheops & into it & saw the Sphinx & another place once full of Mummies(木乃伊), enormous stones of granite -- and one place where took mummy out got bones & I saw Hyroglyphics inside -- afternoon went to Heliopolis saw Sycomore tree (無花果樹) & obelisk(方尖塔) by Pharaoh & saw other things *Git Mosque. made of alabastar --

1880.04.16 Fri.

at 9 A.M. went by rail to Alexandria(亞歷山大) arrived at 4 P.M.-- Abbat Hotel --

1880.04.17 Sat

saw Pompey's(龐貝) Pillar & Clopatra’s needle Just to be put in a steamer also, saw Catacombs etc.

1880.04.18 Sun

went on board Russian steamer " Odessa & Monday at 8 A.M. Came to Port Said. went ashore to see the Canal etc.

1880.04.19 Mon

Port Said --

1880.04.20 Tues.

at 8 a.m. Came to Jaffa(雅法). first sight low banks & Jaffa on a kind of hill, very pretty, like Kan-tau, went to see the tanneries Pomegranite bark used i.e. of the fruit sat in the house of Simon the Tanner on the sea side and started at 3 P.M. and came to Ajalon. Passed through the plains of Sharon, saw barley & wheat nice rolling land -- Saw Yazur: Beth-Degan, saw where Samson Caught the foxes & saw a fox, passed Ramleh (*Ramle?).

1880.04.21 Wed

Left Ajalon early by carriage & passed Kirjathjearin, birth-place of John baptist site of Emmaus? passed along Gihon valley & came to Jaffa gate -- put up in new Hotel Just outside Jaffa gate -- in eve. walked around Jerusalem(耶路撒冷) –

1880.04.22 Thurs

Early in Morning I went alone around the wall & saw Men ploughing on Mt. Sion(錫安山) --- Throughout the day visited Jerusalem inside such as, Tower of David, Church of Holy Sepul--, via Dolorosa(苦路), wailing place of Jews(哭牆). 12 Jews present, Mosque of Omar.Pool of Bethesda(畢士大池) -- Jerusalem under ground.

Pool of Siloam(西羅亞池) outside Mt. olives, Gethsemane(客西馬尼) *** 14 pictures around 14 stations etc. etc. etc.

Church of ***, stone Mark of foot of Xt. in rock, 32 languages Lord’s Prayer --

Vale of Hinnom, Brook Kidron. Mullens growing on sides, quite dry -- like a drain,

Tomb of Absalom(押沙龍) etc. fountain of virgin, Job’s well, aqueduct

Valley of Gihon & pools Saw inside city part of bridge from Mt. Moriah(摩利亞地) on whi. temple to Mt. Sion on whi. palace of Solomon –

1880.04.23 Fri.

Early in morning started for dead sea(死海). myself & wife & an Englishman all on horse-back. passed by Bethany(伯大尼) & met Sheik on White arab to be our guide. down, down steep bare rocks not a single tree, some shepherds only at 1 P.M. Came to what Call tomb of Moses -- at 2 P.M. at dead sea. We swim, float easily, water oily, when dry my ears white, very bitter. many sticks of woods on shore sea moving could heave it against sides a short distance away --

Started on for Jordan(約旦) over level, bare plain in places white with salt, not see Jordan till Just on bank, muddy rapid crooked, narrow -bare hills on east side bare plane on west Just on brink Terebinth & other trees -- disappointed at the looks of Jordan. Went on to Jericho(耶利哥). Thorn trees every where passed night in Hotel. ancient site of Gilgal(吉甲) Went on west by Jericho, barren & bare now. covered with thorns came to ancient site of Gilgal -- Josh 4: 20. Frogs like in Canada, Musquitoes horrible bad. all lumps with them next day

1880.04.24 Sat.

Saw site of ancient Jericho, Elisha's(以利沙) fountain, cross valley of achor(亞割), deep gorge saw brook Cherith. saw site of Samaritan(撒馬利亞) Inn, lunch at Enshemesh Josh 15: 7 up hill to Bethany site of Many & Lazarus(拉撒路) house, tomb of Larzarus trees around Bethany at 2 P.M. in Jerusalem --

1880.04.25 Sun.

Showers of rain,

went in the morning to ch. of Holy Sepulchre(聖墓,) got up to fourth storey of the part around the sepulchre, bottom paved, sepulchre in the centre of this shape ( ) lights & candles innumerable 18 pillars from the floor, In front of the tomb is Gk Ch, 2nd storey people c'd stand on 3rd storey people stand, 4th Just like arched windows closed in with white stone 5th storey c'd walk all around, between pillars lamps golden hanging down so at every storey -- Pilgrims sitting around the tomb, then a row of Turkish soldiers then space for procession then another row of soldiers, then dense crowds -- Arminians, Copts & Syrians all dressed in georgous robes walked around Chanting burning incense etc. etc. Men women and children with branches of olive & date palm leaves - made into crosses etc.

The dome above 4th storey beautifully painted & very top of glass -- (sketch of Coptic chapel)

Inside at tomb saw two persons put hands on tomb & swear to be faithful as brethren -- saw stone angel sat on the two holes where Holy fire given out. one on each side --,,--

Saw in greek ch. place called Centre of the world, like this (sketch) men women and children kiss it and put money on, also candles and money given inside the tomb. a place for it i.e. a plate to receive. kissing stones bowing & tomb under the dome of the sepulchre room in front & stone on whi. angels sit

In the chapel on Mt. Calvary are three holes thus . . which were for the .Xt’s cross crosses, though close Yet plenty of room. between the two thieves is a cross & Xt on it. Perhaps some take it for the real; but it is only there as a specimen. Xt’s in front --

In the tomb a Monk stands and puts rose water now & again on the marble slab, Pilgrims gave candles & money, a plate all ready there ---- Forenoon & eve. went to English church.

1880.04.26 Mon.

In the afternoon rode a Donkey to the tombs of the Prophets, then went up Olivet & over to Bethany and returned by the other road, then went to tomb of Kings and saw a stone to be rolled at the door. whi. I think like what at tomb of Jesus. In eve. by moonlight went to Gethsemane and returned by St. Stephen's gate through the city out by Jaffa gate - wrote to MacLaren, Junor(閏虔益), home etc. etc.

1880.04.27 Tues.

A lovely morning, myself and Mrs. M. went riding Donkeys to Bethlehem(伯利恆), saw Rachel's tomb and the place where Say Xt. born, all Superstition, a plate for money Just where say manger, so plate for money where say, born, & where say crucified & where say buried. alas!

Bethlehem looks very fine, on side of hill -- saw Almond trees in full of blossom also fig & grape vines --- stone *houses in Bethlehem looked very well, I went to see the plains of Bethlehem passed by a small village and then looked down on the plains. arrived at last and noticed a kind of stone wall all around a certain area, outside of on the 4 sides men were ploughing with mules & oxen & outside & above the plains were the rocky slopes. flocks of sheep were on the slopes. Inside of the wall was Kind of an emimence & in the centre, a cave or grotto & G'k Priest there. Just there a Kharub tree, went into the grotto & looked at his Arabic & G'k Testament, he said Kharub what Prodigal ate --

Charming day, like Indian summer --- Came back afternoon and went to see excavations under Jerusalem, saw all. Entered like door in wall near Damascus(大馬士革) gate down, down sloping. supports left like in coal pits, saw stones in little pieces Just like where builders were cutting stones also cuts into sides; then *** also 2 pieces which evidently sawed -- all as if left yesterday by quarried stones beautiful & white ____

1880.04.28 Wed.

Sick with fever also a Severe boil.

1880.04.29 Thurs

In bed sick.

1880.04.30 Fri

In bed sick. afternoon went to Jew’s wailing place(哭牆), men, women & children reading Hebrew, bowing kissing & crying, standing beside the old stones --

May

1880.05.01 Sat.

at 11 a.m.

went to Holy Sepulchre(聖墓) -- I gave my name to English Consul, we went to a Hotel and then all set out led by man from consulate, a long sceptre head of silver & 5 feet long in his hand put it down step by step with force all gave way. Turkish soldiers etc. etc. I was told 1000 soldiers inside & 7 or 8000 Pilgrims & 100 Foreigners English etc. we got place on 3rd floor of rotunda -- Stood there from 11 a.m. till 2 P.M. Some Pilgrims tied themselves to Pillars shouting and holding candles. Two rows of soldiers all around. Quite a number of Pilgrims made a rush broke the lines and got to the Sepulchre where stood pushing, shouting etc. one fellow turned somersault on the heads of the crowd. Others rushing in were struck by soldiers on head etc. with stocks of guns. Shouting, dancing, pushing, striking etc. etc. the order of the day. at last Procession of Monks in long robes went round the Sepulchre. One flag seemed distasteful to some and quite a wish to pull it down; but at last let alone -- Now all frantic eyes staring & flashing till fire handed out of the holes, then a rush to take away in an instant lights burning all around on floor. 2nd storey 3 & away up on top I saw. Just then a door away up that was shut opened & rays of sun quite visible. I think done for effect. We came away after that ----

1880.05.02 Sun

I went to Gethsemane(客西馬尼), saw again the 8 lime trees, Poppys in the garden & well for watering the plants --also noticed the "field of blood" side of hill, with two houses, some olive trees etc. went into house of Caiaphas(該亞法) --

1880.05.03 Mon.

Left Jerusalem in the morning and rode out with Mr. & Mrs. Gulock from Japan & Mrs. Greaves from Canton -- arrived at Jaffa(雅法) at 3 P.M.

1880.05.04 Tues.

Lovely day - at Jaffa --

1880.05.05 Wed.

at Jaffa -- went to see Miss Arnoth School, etc.

1880.05.06 Thurs

In Morning visited Miss Mangan's Hospital, saw many patients. Liked it very much --

1880.05.07 Fri.

at Jaffa in the morning or rather at 2 P.M. went on board a French steamer called "Erytheum" and when going to the steamer found it very rough --

1880.05.08 Sat.

In morning arrived at Port Said and remained till eve. Met an Evangelist called Mr. Whytock from Dundee – sailed in the eve.

1880.05.09 Sun

Early in the morning came in to Alexandria(亞歷山大) and at 11 A.M. in company with Dr. Greaves, Mr. Holcome from India & Dodge from New York went ashore to hear Dr. Yule preach, subject = "To me to live is Xt, and to die gain" ---- In the eve. I went with him and preached on board a Bethel quite a number present. I spoke on Heb. 12:1. saw at the close a Canadian from Woodstock. Dr. Yule said he was a very earnest Xhn. he always gave him tracts etc --

1880.05.10 Mon.

I went to see the Canadian on board the steam ship "Trent" found him Chief Officer, and an earnest Christian -- his name is A.C. La Penstiere.

1880.05.11 Tues.

at 9 A.M. Set sail and found it rough all day.

1880.05.12 Wed.

at sea, a fine day. not so rough-- Towards eve. saw Crete & Mt Ida covered with snow, passed fair havens & Clauda. a good deal of snow on tops of mts. in Crete --

1880.05.13 Thurs.

Sailed all day without seeing land -- very rough –

1880.05.14 Fri.

Early in the morning sighted land. Italy on right & Sicily(西西里) on left. Etna covered with snow, -- about noon passed through the straits of Messina saw Kheggium (Reggio) on the right -- & Messina fine town on the left, Just when leaving the straits saw charybdis whi. is Just a long spit of sand & rapid current of water there -- and scylla on the Italian side. it is Just a rock opposite Charybdis. about 6 P.M. we were near Stromboli. high & round like a cone clouds on top & steam or smoke along the sides -- lovely houses at the base shepherds & fishermen, saw on one side Just like a slide from top to bottom, evidently lava whi - ran down during an eruption, also saw the Lipari Islands on the left ---

1880.05.15

Satat 7 A.M. Came into harbor of Naples(那不勒斯)went ashore to Washington Hotel, then at 10 went to the Museum, saw many things from Pompeii(龐貝) & Herculaneum also a number of Mummies from Egypt Medical instrument. At 1 P.M. took train & in an hour arrived at Pompeii saw, streets and Marks of Carriage wheels on them – lovely paintings & restaurants & places where in front of houses. Had water for looking glasses also. house of ill fame. paintings inside -- saw Amphitheatre - forum. temples of Mercury & Venus & altar where keept urine, there mark of Man who c’d not escape – saw court house -- -- etc. etc. not half excavated Yet , grain on top . lava. soft like sand and ground mixed. Returning saw a museum & 7 bodies, some as if in agony, one fallen on his face -- & a dog. With Mark of chain chariot wheel --- door with hinges, locks, etc. The bodies with bones sticking out here & there & rest kind of white like ground of lime daubed al over. One had fist clenched.

1880.05.16 Sun

In the morning at 11 went to the Free ch. heard an ordinary sermon on “Drink ye all of this “ Returned & read. Afternoon went for a walk with Dr. & Mrs. Graves ---- at dark went out myself.

1880.05.17 Mon.

Parted in the morning with Dr. & Mrs. Graves. At 7 A.M. started with my guide for Vesuvius. Took train to a place called then a horse and gradually began to ascend through vines & figs at last passed the Observatory then left the horse and began to ascend on foot with my guide. got up in about an hour. In the centre a round cone like elevation & quite active stone & lava etc. thrown in great quantities – I walked all round to see Pompeii & Heraculaneum – a crater at the side of the cone. active and lava black as pitch Kept moving on. I sat down & strange enough the top crater ceased together, at the same time the other burst forth with tremendous fury – red hot lava belched forth & came down black. So the mass moved quickly and one stone of many tons which was at the mouth was hurled 100 yards – the sound all the time was like 20,000 cannon booming. Lava looked like tar Soon a tram way to the top -- Telegraph from Naples to the foot of Leone I came down in 10 minutes running all like sand or gravel ----- at night it looked grand from Naples ---

1880.05.18 Tues.

At 7 a.m. left Naples & took train for Rome(羅馬) arrived at 2 P.M. passed through lovely country. saw flax, wheat, Barley, vines, figs, oaks, etc. In the eve. went to see the Colloseum, St. Peter’s & Pantheon(萬神殿). In one ch. saw a man & woman going up stairs on knees doing penance ---saw arch of Constantine(君士坦丁) etc.

1880.05.19 Wed.

sick with fever -----

1880.05.20 Thurs

sick, still in eve. drove to see the Catacombs. Passed along via appia(亞比雅) & saw the arch of Titus(提多).

1880.05.21 Fri.

saw the Vatican(梵蒂岡). etc. sick

1880.05.2 2 Sat.

Took train at Midday. lovely country --

1880.05.23 Sun

Passed by the Alps(阿爾卑斯). tops covered with snow, grand. a very long tunnel all lovely.

1880.05.2 4 Mon.

At 6 a.m. in Paris(巴黎): London & New York Hotel.

1880.05.25 Tues

In Paris all day looking at things in the city --- sick

1880.05.26Wed.

Took train and came to Calais & Dover. Crossed the straits of Dover. In the train very ill so we stayed all night at Dover ----

1880.05.2 7 Thurs..

took train for London(倫敦) and arrived at 2 P.M. Being Derby day had to go into a Hotel bath room --- called to see Bentley’s sister –

1880.05.28 Fri.

called on Matheson’s James. also Maxwell --- sick

1880.05.29 Sat. .

Moved out to Maxwells ---on 26 Heath St. Hampstead London --- sick

1880.05.30 Sun

In the morning went to hear a Mr. Matheson preach afternoon I addressed a sabbath school and in the eve. I spoke to the people on Formosa. Jas. & Hugh Matheson were there –--

1880.05.31 Mon.

Went with Maxwell to see St. Paul’s & Westminster abbey --- wet. In the eve. all invited to Jas. Matheson’s Hugh and wife present --- Max. & wife

1880June

1880.06.01 Tues..

Took train and came to Jarrow. arrived at Ord’s house in the eve ---

1880.06.02 Wed.

Went with Mr. Profeit to see Bede’s old church and in the eve. I spoke in the Presbyterian ch- at 7. P.M. Quite a number present –

1880.06.03 Thurs.

Still at Jarrow. went to see Paper Mill. intensely interesting

1880.06.04 Fri.

Took train for Edinburgh ---- arrived at Geo. Barbour’s – 11 George’s square --

1880.06.05 Sat.

Called to see Dr. Simpson (Mr. Barbour’s son in law)

1880.06.06 Sun.

In morning called to see Miss Murray’s Parents – then I went to Free St. Georges & heard Mr. White – at 2:30 I went to St. Lukes & spoke on Formosa then in the eve. I addressed the people in the Free Assembly Hall ---

1880.06.07 Mon.

Showers of Hail. I called on Balfour then went to prayer meeting in Assembly Hall I spoke about Tan Goan (陳願) & praying for him 3 mo’s Rev. Geo. Elder was there --

1880.06.08 Tues.

Some Hail, cold & wet. also fine – went to prayer meeting about Italy -- I spoke about Naples & Rome & Jerusalem. Then to Free St. George’s heard Whyte then with Miss Barbour to Dr. Simpson’s. her sister ---

1880.06.09 Wed.

At 12 a.m. Campbell(甘為霖) came and with him, myself and Mrs. M. went to the castle to see the crown of Scotland. saw a Highland regiment also court martial and several young men sentenced. some 30, some 100 and some 300 odd days imprisonment – afternoon went with Mrs. M. to Miss Young’s house, daughter of Dr. Young with whom Burns labored -- Then at 7½ P.M. went with Mrs. Barbour to the Barclay church -- where I addressed the people on the work in North Formosa. There I met a Mr. sage who was in my father’s house in Canada. Also a Mr MacKay missionary of the *** ch.

1880.06.10 Thur.

In the morning left Mr. Barbour and took train for Glasgow(格拉斯哥). met Mr. Campbell(甘為霖) 2 at the station and at “Waverly” Hotel Dr. & Mrs. Greaves so all went to “Thorton’s” Met Miss Allston and in the eve. went out for a walk, quite cold.

1880.06.11 Fri

Called on Miss Allston and on Barclay’s bro’s – then back to Thorton’s -----

1880.06.12 Sat.

Bade good bye to Campbell and at I. P.M. boarded the “Waldensian” all night very rough, both of us very seasick –

1880.06.1 3 Sun

cold & rough. sea-sick 153 miles

1880.06.14 Mon.

Fog, rough & cold. Miserable 229.

1880.06.1 5 Tues.

245 Fog, wet, windy, tremendous waves & swell

1880.06.1 6 Wed. .

265 Rough & cold. sea-sick

1880.06.17 Thurs

Fog, rough & cold, sea-sick 234

1880.06.18 Fri

202 Same kind of weather

1880.06.1 9 Sat.

181 rough till towards eve. beautiful sun-set

1880.06.20 Sun .

247 Fine cold clear day saw enormous ice bergs like castles & mountains -- at 10½ a.m. I preached in the saloon on Heb. 12:1. Place quite full. again at 4 P.M. I spoke on Formosa – full again and at 7 P.M. I preached on Rom. 3:22 “Faith”, over a hundred present --

1880.06.21 Mon.

Fog. Disagreeable and wet ------ 220 miles

1880.06.22 Tues

Rather clearer still a good deal of fog ---

1880.06.2 3 Wed..

In the ship, a fine day, not sick. lovely

1880.06.24 Thurs

In the morning arrived at Quebec(魁北克) and took train for Montreal arrived at Midnight --- went to a Hotel --- were greatly pleased.